EFSA Health Claims by Category

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Keywords Nutrient substance, food or food category Claim Health relationship Claim type Status
Blood Calcium Concentration Vitamin D Vitamin D contributes to normal absorption/utilisation of calcium and phosphorus absorption and utilisation of calcium and phosphorus and maintenance of normal blood calcium concentrations Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Calcium Concentration Vitamin D Vitamin D contributes to normal blood calcium levels absorption and utilisation of calcium and phosphorus and maintenance of normal blood calcium concentrations Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Cells Iron Iron contributes to normal formation of red blood cells and haemoglobin formation of red blood cells and haemoglobin Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Cells Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) Riboflavin contributes to the maintenance of normal red blood cells maintenance of normal red blood cells Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Cells Vitamin B12 Vitamin B12 contributes to normal red blood cell formation red blood cell formation Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Cells Vitamin B6 Vitamin B6 contributes to normal red blood cell formation red blood cell formation Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Cholesterol Maintenance Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) ALA contributes to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels maintenance of normal blood cholesterol concentrations Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Cholesterol Maintenance Beta-glucans Beta-glucans contribute to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels maintenance of normal blood cholesterol concentrations Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Cholesterol Maintenance Glucomannan (konjac mannan) Glucomannan contributes to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels maintenance of normal blood cholesterol concentrations Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Cholesterol Maintenance Guar Gum Guar gum contributes to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels Maintenance of normal blood cholesterol concentrations Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Cholesterol Maintenance Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose contributes to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels maintenance of normal blood cholesterol concentrations Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Cholesterol Maintenance Linoleic acid Linoleic acid contributes to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels maintenance of normal blood cholesterol concentrations Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Cholesterol Maintenance Pectins Pectins contribute to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels maintenance of normal blood cholesterol concentrations Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Cholesterol Maintenance Plant sterols and plant stanols Plant sterols/stanols contribute to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels maintenance of normal blood cholesterol concentrations Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Coagulation Calcium Calcium contributes to normal blood clotting blood coagulation Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Coagulation Folate Folate contributes to normal blood formation blood formation Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Coagulation Vitamin K Vitamin K contributes to normal blood clotting blood coagulation Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Electrolytes Carbohydrate-electrolyte solutions Carbohydrate-electrolyte solutions enhance the absorption of water during physical exercise enhancement of water absorption during exercise Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Electrolytes Magnesium Magnesium contributes to electrolyte balance electrolyte balance Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Glucose Chromium Chromium contributes to the maintenance of normal blood glucose levels maintenance of normal blood glucose concentrations Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Glycaemic Response Alpha-cyclodextrin Consumption of alpha-cyclodextrin as part of a starch-containing meal contributes to the reduction of the blood glucose rise after that meal Reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Glycaemic Response Arabinoxylan produced from wheat endosperm Consumption of arabinoxylan as part of a meal contributes to a reduction of the blood glucose rise after that meal reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Glycaemic Response Beta-glucans from oats and barley Consumption of beta-glucans from oats or barley as part of a meal contributes to the reduction of the blood glucose rise after that meal reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Glycaemic Response Fructose Consumption of foods containing fructose leads to a lower blood glucose rise compared to foods containing sucrose or glucose Reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Glycaemic Response Sugar replacers, i.e. intense sweeteners;
xylitol, sorbitol, mannitol, maltitol, lactitol, isomalt, erythritol, sucralose and polydextrose; D-tagatose and isomaltulose
Consumption of foods/drinks containing instead of sugar* induces a lower blood glucose rise after their consumption compared to sugar-containing foods/drinks

* In the case of D-tagatose and isomaltulose this should read "other sugars"
reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Glycaemic Response Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) Consumption of Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose with a meal contributes to a reduction in the blood glucose rise after that meal reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Glycaemic Response Pectins Consumption of pectins with a meal contributes to the reduction of the blood glucose rise after that meal Reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Glycaemic Response Resistant starch Replacing digestible starches with resistant starch in a meal contributes to a reduction in the blood glucose rise after that meal. reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Homocysteine Betaine Betaine contributes to normal homocysteine metabolism contribution to normal homocysteine metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Homocysteine Choline Choline contributes to normal homocysteine metabolism Contribution to normal homocysteine metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Homocysteine Folate Folate contributes to normal homocysteine metabolism homocysteine metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Homocysteine Vitamin B12 Vitamin B12 contributes to normal homocysteine metabolism contribution to normal homocysteine metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Homocysteine Vitamin B6 Vitamin B6 contributes to normal homocysteine metabolism contribution to normal homocysteine metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood LDL Cholesterol Maintenance Chitosan Chitosan contributes to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels maintenance of normal blood LDL-cholesterol concentrations Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood LDL Cholesterol Maintenance Monascus purpureous (red yeast rice) Monacolin K from red yeast rice contributes to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels maintenance of normal blood LDL-cholesterol concentrations Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood LDL Cholesterol Maintenance Foods with a low or reduced content of saturated fatty acids Reducing consumption of saturated fat contributes to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels maintenance of normal blood LDL-cholesterol concentrations Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood LDL Cholesterol Maintenance Oleic acid Replacing saturated fats in the diet with unsaturated fats contributes to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels. Oleic acid is an unsaturated fat. maintenance of normal blood LDL-cholesterol concentrations Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood LDL Cholesterol Maintenance Monounsaturated and/or polyunsaturated fatty acids Replacing saturated fats with unsaturated fats in the diet contributes to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels [MUFA and PUFA are unsaturated fats] Replacement of mixtures of saturated fatty acids (SFAs) as present in foods or diets with mixtures of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and maintenance of normal blood LDL-cholesterol concentrations Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Pressure Docosahexaenoic acid and Eicosapentaenoic acid (DHA/EPA) DHA and EPA contribute to the maintenance of normal blood pressure Maintenance of normal blood pressure Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Pressure Potassium Potassium contributes to the maintenance of normal blood pressure Blood pressure Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Pressure Foods with a low or reduced content of sodium Reducing consumption of sodium contributes to the maintenance of normal blood pressure maintenance of normal blood pressure Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Triglycerides Docosahexaenoic acid and Eicosapentaenoic acid (DHA/EPA) DHA and EPA contribute to the maintenance of normal blood triglyceride levels Maintenance of normal (fasting) blood concentrations of triglycerides Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Triglycerides Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) DHA contributes to the maintenance of normal blood triglyceride levels Maintenance of normal (fasting) blood concentrations of triglycerides Art.13(1) Authorised
Blood Vitamin E Vitamin C Vitamin C contributes to the regeneration of the reduced form of vitamin E regeneration of the reduced form of vitamin E Art.13(1) Authorised
Bones Magnesium Magnesium contributes to the maintenance of normal bones maintenance of bones Art.13(1) Authorised
Bones Manganese Manganese contributes to the maintenance of normal bones maintenance of bones Art.13(1) Authorised
Bones Protein Protein contributes to the maintenance of normal bones maintenance of normal bones Art.13(1) Authorised
Bones Vitamin K Vitamin K contributes to the maintenance of normal bones maintenance of bones Art.13(1) Authorised
Bones Zinc Zinc contributes to the maintenance of normal bones maintenance of bones Art.13(1) Authorised
Bones Calcium Calcium is needed for the maintenance of normal bones maintenance of normal bones and teeth Art.13(1) Authorised
Bones / Teeth Calcium Calcium is needed for the maintenance of normal teeth maintenance of normal bones and teeth Art.13(1) Authorised
Bones / Teeth Phosphorus Phosphorus contributes to the maintenance of normal bones maintenance of bone and teeth Art.13(1) Authorised
Bones / Teeth Phosphorus Phosphorus contributes to the maintenance of normal teeth maintenance of bone and teeth Art.13(1) Authorised
Bones / Teeth Vitamin D Vitamin D contributes to the maintenance of normal bones maintenance of bones and teeth Art.13(1) Authorised
Bones / Teeth Vitamin D Vitamin D contributes to the maintenance of normal teeth maintenance of bones and teeth Art.13(1) Authorised
Brain / Cognition Biotin Biotin contributes to normal psychological function contribution to normal psychological functions Art.13(1) Authorised
Brain / Cognition Carbohydrates Carbohydrates contribute to the maintenance of normal brain function Maintenance of normal brain function Art.13(1) Authorised
Brain / Cognition Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) DHA contributes to maintenance of normal brain function maintenance of normal brain function Art.13(1) Authorised
Brain / Cognition Folate Folate contributes to normal psychological function contribution to normal psychological functions Art.13(1) Authorised
Brain / Cognition Iodine Iodine contributes to normal cognitive function contribution to normal cognitive and neurological function Art.13(1) Authorised
Brain / Cognition Iron Iron contributes to normal cognitive function cognitive function Art.13(1) Authorised
Brain / Cognition Magnesium Magnesium contributes to normal psychological function Contribution to normal psychological functions Art.13(1) Authorised
Brain / Cognition Niacin Niacin contributes to normal psychological function contribution to normal psychological functions Art.13(1) Authorised
Brain / Cognition Pantothenic acid Pantothenic acid contributes to normal mental performance mental performance Art.13(1) Authorised
Brain / Cognition Thiamine Thiamine contributes to normal psychological function contribution to normal psychological functions Art.13(1) Authorised
Brain / Cognition Vitamin B12 Vitamin B12 contributes to normal psychological function contribution to neurological and psychological function Art.13(1) Authorised
Brain / Cognition Vitamin B6 Vitamin B6 contributes to normal psychological function contribution to normal psychological functions Art.13(1) Authorised
Brain / Cognition Vitamin C Vitamin C contributes to normal psychological function contribution to normal psychological functions Art.13(1) Authorised
Brain / Cognition Zinc Zinc contributes to normal cognitive function cognitive function Art.13(1) Authorised
Brain / Cognition / Physical Water Water contributes to the maintenance of normal physical and cognitive functions maintenance of normal physical and cognitive functions Art.13(1) Authorised
Cell Differentiation Vitamin A Vitamin A has a role in the process of cell specialisation cell differentiation Art.13(1) Authorised
Cell Division Calcium Calcium has a role in the process of cell division and specialisation regulation of cell division and differentiation Art.13(1) Authorised
Cell Division Folate Folate has a role in the process of cell division cell division Art.13(1) Authorised
Cell Division Iron Iron has a role in the process of cell division cell division Art.13(1) Authorised
Cell Division Magnesium Magnesium has a role in the process of cell division cell division Art.13(1) Authorised
Cell Division Vitamin B12 Vitamin B12 has a role in the process of cell division cell division Art.13(1) Authorised
Cell Division Vitamin D Vitamin D has a role in the process of cell division cell division Art.13(1) Authorised
Cell Division / DNA Synthesis Zinc Zinc contributes to normal DNA synthesis DNA synthesis and cell division Art.13(1) Authorised
Cell Division / DNA Synthesis Zinc Zinc has a role in the process of cell division DNA synthesis and cell division Art.13(1) Authorised
Cell Membranes Phosphorus Phosphorus contributes to normal function of cell membranes function of cell membranes Art.13(1) Authorised
Child Bones Calcium and vitamin D
Calcium and vitamin D are needed for normal growth and development of bone in children
  Art.14(1)(b) Authorised
Child Bones Calcium
Calcium is needed for normal growth and development of bone in children.
  Art.14(1)(b) Authorised
Child Bones Phosphorus
Phosphorus is needed for the normal growth and development of bone in children
  Art.14(1)(b) Authorised
Child Bones Protein
Protein is needed for normal growth and development of bone in children.
  Art.14(1)(b) Authorised
Child Bones Vitamin D
Vitamin D is needed for normal growth and development of bone in children.
  Art.14(1)(b) Authorised
Child Brain Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) maternal intake contributes to the normal brain development of the foetus and breastfed infants.
  Art.14(1)(b) Authorised
Child Cognitive Development Iron
Iron contributes to normal cognitive development of children
  Art.14(1)(b) Authorised
Child Eyes Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) maternal intake contributes to the normal development of the eye of the foetus and breastfed infants.
  Art.14(1)(b) Authorised
Child Growth α-linolenic acid (ALA) & linoleic acid (LA), essential fatty acids
Essential fatty acids are needed for normal growth and development of children.
  Art.14(1)(b) Authorised
Child Growth Iodine
Iodine contributes to the normal growth of children
  Art.14(1)(b) Authorised
Child Immune Vitamin D
Vitamin D contributes to the normal function of the immune system in children.
  Art.14(1)(b) Authorised
Child Vision Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intake contributes to the normal visual development of infants up to 12 months of age.
  Art.14(1)(b) Authorised
Collagen Formation Vitamin C Vitamin C contributes to normal collagen formation for the normal function of blood vessels collagen formation Art.13(1) Authorised
Collagen Formation Vitamin C Vitamin C contributes to normal collagen formation for the normal function of bones collagen formation Art.13(1) Authorised
Collagen Formation Vitamin C Vitamin C contributes to normal collagen formation for the normal function of cartilage collagen formation Art.13(1) Authorised
Collagen Formation Vitamin C Vitamin C contributes to normal collagen formation for the normal function of gums collagen formation Art.13(1) Authorised
Collagen Formation Vitamin C Vitamin C contributes to normal collagen formation for the normal function of skin collagen formation Art.13(1) Authorised
Collagen Formation Vitamin C Vitamin C contributes to normal collagen formation for the normal function of teeth collagen formation Art.13(1) Authorised
Connective Tissue Copper Copper contributes to maintenance of normal connective tissues maintenance of connective tissues Art.13(1) Authorised
Connective Tissue Manganese Manganese contributes to the normal formation of connective tissue contribution to normal formation of connective tissue Art.13(1) Authorised
Digestion - Bowel Function Prunus domestica L.)"}">Dried plums of 'prune' cultivars (Prunus domestica L.) Dried plums/prunes contribute to normal bowel function Maintenance of normal bowel function Art.13(1) Authorised
Digestion - Bowel Function Rye fibre Rye fibre contributes to normal bowel function changes in bowel function Art.13(1) Authorised
Digestion - Bulking Barley grain fibre Barley grain fibre contributes to an increase in faecal bulk increase in faecal bulk Art.13(1) Authorised
Digestion - Bulking Oat grain fibre Oat grain fibre contributes to an increase in faecal bulk increase in faecal bulk Art.13(1) Authorised
Digestion - Bulking Wheat bran fibre Wheat bran fibre contributes to an increase in faecal bulk Increase in faecal bulk Art.13(1) Authorised
Digestion - Enzymes Calcium Calcium contributes to the normal function of digestive enzymes function of digestive enzymes Art.13(1) Authorised
Digestion - Gas Activated charcoal Activated charcoal contributes to reducing excessive flatulence after eating reduction of excessive intestinal gas accumulation Art.13(1) Authorised
Digestion - Hydrochloric Acid Chloride Chloride contributes to normal digestion by production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach contribution to normal digestion by production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach Art.13(1) Authorised
Digestion - Lactose Intolerance Lactase enzyme Lactase enzyme improves lactose digestion in individuals who have difficulty digesting lactose breaking down lactose Art.13(1) Authorised
Digestion - Lactose Intolerance Live yoghurt cultures Live cultures in yoghurt or fermented milk improve lactose digestion of the product in individuals who have difficulty digesting lactose improved lactose digestion Art.13(1) Authorised
Digestion - Transit Time Lactulose Lactulose contributes to an acceleration of intestinal transit reduction in intestinal transit time Art.13(1) Authorised
Digestion - Transit Time Wheat bran fibre Wheat bran fibre contributes to an acceleration of intestinal transit reduction in intestinal transit time Art.13(1) Authorised
Disease Reduction - Bones Calcium and vitamin D
Calcium and vitamin D help to reduce the loss of bone mineral in post-menopausal women. Low bone mineral density is a risk factor for osteoporotic bone fractures
  Art.14(1)(a) Authorised
Disease Reduction - Bones Calcium
Calcium helps to reduce the loss of bone mineral in post-menopausal women. Low bone mineral density is a risk factor for osteoporotic bone fractures
  Art.14(1)(a) Authorised
Disease Reduction - Bones Vitamin D
Vitamin D helps to reduce the risk of falling associated with postural instability and muscle weakness. Falling is a risk factor for bone fractures among men and women 60 years of age and older.
  Art.14(1)(a) Authorised
Disease Reduction - Heart Monounsaturated and/or polyunsaturated fatty acids
Replacing saturated fats with unsaturated fats in the diet has been shown to lower/reduce blood cholesterol. High cholesterol is a risk factor in the development of coronary heart disease
  Art.14(1)(a) Authorised
Disease Reduction - Heart Barley beta-glucans
Barley beta-glucans has been shown to lower/reduce blood cholesterol. High cholesterol is a risk factor in the development of coronary heart disease
  Art.14(1)(a) Authorised
Disease Reduction - Heart Barley beta-glucans
Barley beta-glucans has been shown to lower/reduce blood cholesterol. High cholesterol is a risk factor in the development of coronary heart disease.
  Art.14(1)(a) Authorised
Disease Reduction - Heart Oat beta-glucan
Oat beta-glucan has been shown to lower/reduce blood cholesterol. High cholesterol is a risk factor in the development of coronary heart disease
  Art.14(1)(a) Authorised
Disease Reduction - Heart Plant stanol esters
Plant stanol esters have been shown to lower/reduce blood cholesterol. High cholesterol is a risk factor in the development of coronary heart disease.
  Art.14(1)(a) Authorised
Disease Reduction - Heart Plant sterols/Plant stanol esters
Plant sterols and plant stanol esters have been shown to lower/reduce blood cholesterol. High cholesterol is a risk factor in the development of coronary heart disease.
  Art.14(1)(a) Authorised
Disease Reduction - Heart Plant sterols: Sterols extracted from plants, free or esterified with food grade fatty acids.
Plant sterols have been shown to lower/reduce blood cholesterol. High cholesterol is a risk factor in the development of coronary heart disease.
  Art.14(1)(a) Authorised
Disease Reduction - Neural Tube Defects (Spina Bifida) Folic Acid
Supplemental folic acid intake increases maternal folate status. Low maternal folate status is a risk factor in the development of neural tube defects in the developing foetus.
  Art.14(1)(a) Authorised
Disease Reduction - Teeth Chewing gum sweetened with 100% xylitol
Chewing gum sweetened with 100% xylitol has been shown to reduce dental plaque. High content/level of dental plaque is a risk factor in the development of caries in children
  Art.14(1)(a) Authorised
Disease Reduction - Teeth Sugar-free chewing gum
Sugar-free chewing gum helps neutralise plaque acids. Plaque acids are a risk factor in the development of dental caries.
  Art.14(1)(a) Authorised
Disease Reduction - Teeth Sugar-free chewing gum
Sugar-free chewing gum helps reduce tooth demineralisation. Tooth demineralisation is a risk factor in the development of dental caries.
  Art.14(1)(a) Authorised
Exercise Carbohydrate-electrolyte solutions Carbohydrate-electrolyte solutions contribute to the maintenance of endurance performance during prolonged endurance exercise maintenance of endurance performance Art.13(1) Authorised
Exercise Creatine Creatine increases physical performance in successive bursts of short-term, high intensity exercise increase in physical performance during short-term, high intensity, repeated exercise bouts Art.13(1) Authorised
Eyes / Vision Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) DHA contributes to the maintenance of normal vision maintenance of normal vision Art.13(1) Authorised
Eyes / Vision Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) Riboflavin contributes to the maintenance of normal vision maintenance of normal vision Art.13(1) Authorised
Eyes / Vision Vitamin A Vitamin A contributes to the maintenance of normal vision maintenance of normal vision Art.13(1) Authorised
Eyes / Vision Zinc Zinc contributes to the maintenance of normal vision maintenance of vision Art.13(1) Authorised
Fatigue / Jet Lag Melatonin Melatonin contributes to the alleviation of subjective feelings of jet lag Alleviation of subjective feelings of jet lag Art.13(1) Authorised
Fertility & Reproduction Zinc Zinc contributes to normal fertility and reproduction fertility and reproduction Art.13(1) Authorised
Fertility & Reproduction Zinc Zinc contributes to normal metabolism of fatty acids maintenance of normal serum testosterone concentrations Art.13(1) Authorised
Fertility & Reproduction Zinc Zinc contributes to the maintenance of normal testosterone levels in the blood fertility and reproduction Art.13(1) Authorised
Fertility & Reproduction / Spermatogenesis Selenium Selenium contributes to normal spermatogenesis spermatogenesis Art.13(1) Authorised
Hair Biotin Biotin contributes to the maintenance of normal hair maintenance of normal hair Art.13(1) Authorised
Hair Selenium Selenium contributes to the maintenance of normal hair maintenance of normal hair Art.13(1) Authorised
Hair Zinc Zinc contributes to the maintenance of normal hair maintenance of normal hair Art.13(1) Authorised
Heart Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (EPA/DHA) EPA and DHA contribute to the normal function of the heart maintenance of normal cardiac function Art.13(1) Authorised
Heart Thiamine Thiamine contributes to the normal function of the heart cardiac function Art.13(1) Authorised
Hormonal Activity Vitamin B6 Vitamin B6 contributes to the regulation of hormonal activity regulation of hormonal activity Art.13(1) Authorised
Hormone Syntesis Pantothenic acid Pantothenic acid contributes to normal synthesis and metabolism of steroid hormones, vitamin D and some neurotransmitters synthesis and metabolism of steroid hormones, vitamin D and some neurotransmitters Art.13(1) Authorised
Immune System Copper Copper contributes to the normal function of the immune system Maintenance of the normal function of the immune system Art.13(1) Authorised
Immune System Folate Folate contributes to the normal function of the immune system function of the immune system Art.13(1) Authorised
Immune System Iron Iron contributes to the normal function of the immune system function of the immune system Art.13(1) Authorised
Immune System Selenium Selenium contributes to the normal function of the immune system maintenance of the normal function of the immune system Art.13(1) Authorised
Immune System Vitamin A Vitamin A contributes to the normal function of the immune system maintenance of the normal function of the immune system Art.13(1) Authorised
Immune System Vitamin B12 Vitamin B12 contributes to the normal function of the immune system function of the immune system Art.13(1) Authorised
Immune System Vitamin B6 Vitamin B6 contributes to the normal function of the immune system function of the immune system Art.13(1) Authorised
Immune System Vitamin C Vitamin C contributes to maintain the normal function of the immune system during and after intense physical exercise function of the immune system during and after extreme physical exercise Art.13(1) Authorised
Immune System Vitamin C Vitamin C contributes to the normal function of the immune system maintenance of the normal function of the immune system Art.13(1) Authorised
Immune System Vitamin D Vitamin D contributes to the normal function of the immune system Normal function of immune system and inflammation response Art.13(1) Authorised
Immune System Zinc Zinc contributes to the normal function of the immune system function of the immune system Art.13(1) Authorised
Liver Function Choline Choline contributes to the maintenance of normal liver function Maintenance of normal liver function Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Amino Acids Molybdenum Molybdenum contributes to normal sulphur amino acid metabolism contribution to normal amino acid metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Blood Acid Base Zinc Zinc contributes to normal acid-base metabolism acid-base metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Carbohydrates Zinc Zinc contributes to normal carbohydrate metabolism contribution to normal carbohydrate metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Energy Biotin Biotin contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism energy-yielding metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Energy Calcium Calcium contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism energy-yielding metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Energy Copper Copper contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism Contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Energy Iodine Iodine contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Energy Iron Iron contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Energy Magnesium Magnesium contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism energy-yielding metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Energy Manganese Manganese contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Energy Niacin Niacin contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Energy Pantothenic acid Pantothenic acid contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism energy-yielding metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Energy Phosphorus Phosphorus contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism energy-yielding metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Energy Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) Riboflavin contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Energy Thiamine Thiamine contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism energy-yielding metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Energy Vitamin B12 Vitamin B12 contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism energy-yielding metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Energy Vitamin B6 Vitamin B6 contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Energy Vitamin C Vitamin C contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Iron Copper Copper contributes to normal iron transport in the body iron transport Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Iron Meat or fish Meat or fish contributes to the improvement of iron absorption when eaten with other foods containing iron improvement of non-haem iron absorption Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Iron Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) Riboflavin contributes to the normal metabolism of iron contribution to normal metabolism of iron Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Iron Vitamin A Vitamin A contributes to normal iron metabolism metabolism of iron Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Iron Vitamin C Vitamin C increases iron absorption non-haem iron absorption Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Lipids Choline Choline contributes to normal lipid metabolism Contribution to normal lipid metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Macronutrients Biotin Biotin contributes to normal macronutrient metabolism contribution to normal macronutrient metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Macronutrients Chromium Chromium contributes to normal macronutrient metabolism contribution to normal macronutrient metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Macronutrients Zinc Zinc contributes to normal macronutrient metabolism contribution to normal macronutrient metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Protein & Glycogen Vitamin B6 Vitamin B6 contributes to normal protein and glycogen metabolism protein and glycogen metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Metabolism - Vitamin A Zinc Zinc contributes to normal metabolism of vitamin A vitamin A metabolism Art.13(1) Authorised
Muscle Calcium Calcium contributes to normal muscle function muscle function and neurotransmission Art.13(1) Authorised
Muscle Function Magnesium Magnesium contributes to normal muscle function neurotransmission and muscle contraction including heart muscle Art.13(1) Authorised
Muscle Function Potassium Potassium contributes to normal muscle function Muscular and neurological function Art.13(1) Authorised
Muscle Function Vitamin D Vitamin D contributes to the maintenance of normal muscle function Normal muscle function Art.13(1) Authorised
Muscle Mass Protein Protein contributes to a growth in muscle mass growth or maintenance of muscle mass Art.13(1) Authorised
Muscle Mass Protein Protein contributes to the maintenance of muscle mass growth or maintenance of muscle mass Art.13(1) Authorised
Nails Selenium Selenium contributes to the maintenance of normal nails maintenance of normal nails Art.13(1) Authorised
Nails Zinc Zinc contributes to the maintenance of normal nails maintenance of normal nails Art.13(1) Authorised
Nervous System Biotin Biotin contributes to normal functioning of the nervous system function of the nervous system Art.13(1) Authorised
Nervous System Copper Copper contributes to normal functioning of the nervous system Maintenance of the normal function of the nervous system Art.13(1) Authorised
Nervous System Iodine Iodine contributes to normal functioning of the nervous system contribution to normal cognitive and neurological function Art.13(1) Authorised
Nervous System Magnesium Magnesium contributes to normal functioning of the nervous system neurotransmission and muscle contraction including heart muscle Art.13(1) Authorised
Nervous System Niacin Niacin contributes to normal functioning of the nervous system function of the nervous system Art.13(1) Authorised
Nervous System Potassium Potassium contributes to normal functioning of the nervous system Muscular and neurological function Art.13(1) Authorised
Nervous System Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) Riboflavin contributes to normal functioning of the nervous system maintenance of the normal functon of the nervous system Art.13(1) Authorised
Nervous System Thiamine Thiamine contributes to normal functioning of the nervous system function of the nervous system Art.13(1) Authorised
Nervous System Vitamin B12 Vitamin B12 contributes to normal functioning of the nervous system contribution to neurological and psychological function Art.13(1) Authorised
Nervous System Vitamin B6 Vitamin B6 contributes to normal functioning of the nervous system function of the nervous system Art.13(1) Authorised
Nervous System Vitamin C Vitamin C contributes to normal functioning of the nervous system function of the nervous system Art.13(1) Authorised
Nervous System - Neurotransmission Calcium Calcium contributes to normal neurotransmission muscle function and neurotransmission Art.13(1) Authorised
Oral Dryness Sugar-free chewing gum Sugar-free chewing gum contributes to the reduction of oral dryness reduction of oral dryness Art.13(1) Authorised
Oxidative Stress Protection Copper Copper contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative stress protection of DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage Art.13(1) Authorised
Oxidative Stress Protection Manganese Manganese contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative stress metabolism of fatty acids Art.13(1) Authorised
Oxidative Stress Protection Olive oil polyphenols Olive oil polyphenols contribute to the protection of blood lipids from oxidative stress protection of LDL particles from oxidative damage Art.13(1) Authorised
Oxidative Stress Protection Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) Riboflavin contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative stress protection of DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage Art.13(1) Authorised
Oxidative Stress Protection Selenium Selenium contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative stress protection of DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage Art.13(1) Authorised
Oxidative Stress Protection Vitamin C Vitamin C contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative stress protection of DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage Art.13(1) Authorised
Oxidative Stress Protection Vitamin E Vitamin E contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative stress protection of DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage Art.13(1) Authorised
Oxidative Stress Protection Zinc Zinc contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative stress protection of DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage Art.13(1) Authorised
Oxygen Transport Iron Iron contributes to normal oxygen transport in the body oxygen transport Art.13(1) Authorised
Pregnancy Folate Folate contributes to maternal tissue growth during pregnancy maternal tissue growth during pregnancy Art.13(1) Authorised
Protein Synthesis Magnesium Magnesium contributes to normal protein synthesis protein synthesis Art.13(1) Authorised
Protein Synthesis Zinc Zinc contributes to normal protein synthesis contribution to normal protein synthesis Art.13(1) Authorised
Skin Iodine Iodine contributes to the maintenance of normal skin maintenance of skin Art.13(1) Authorised
Skin Zinc Zinc contributes to the maintenance of normal skin maintenance of normal skin Art.13(1) Authorised
Skin / Hair Copper Copper contributes to normal hair pigmentation maintenance of skin and hair pigmentation Art.13(1) Authorised
Skin / Hair Copper Copper contributes to normal skin pigmentation maintenance of skin and hair pigmentation Art.13(1) Authorised
Skin / Mucous Membranes Biotin Biotin contributes to the maintenance of normal mucous membranes maintenance of normal skin and mucous membranes Art.13(1) Authorised
Skin / Mucous Membranes Biotin Biotin contributes to the maintenance of normal skin maintenance of normal skin and mucous membranes Art.13(1) Authorised
Skin / Mucous Membranes Niacin Niacin contributes to the maintenance of normal mucous membranes maintenance of normal skin and mucous membranes Art.13(1) Authorised
Skin / Mucous Membranes Niacin Niacin contributes to the maintenance of normal skin maintenance of normal skin and mucous membranes Art.13(1) Authorised
Skin / Mucous Membranes Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) Riboflavin contributes to the maintenance of normal mucous membranes maintenance of normal skin and mucous membranes Art.13(1) Authorised
Skin / Mucous Membranes Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) Riboflavin contributes to the maintenance of normal skin maintenance of normal skin and mucous membranes Art.13(1) Authorised
Skin / Mucous Membranes Vitamin A Vitamin A contributes to the maintenance of normal mucous membranes maintenance of normal skin and mucous membranes Art.13(1) Authorised
Skin / Mucous Membranes Vitamin A Vitamin A contributes to the maintenance of normal skin maintenance of normal skin and mucous membranes Art.13(1) Authorised
Sleep Melatonin Melatonin contributes to the reduction of time taken to fall asleep reduction of sleep onset latency Art.13(1) Authorised
Synthesis - Amino Acids Folate Folate contributes to normal amino acid synthesis contribution to normal amino acid synthesis Art.13(1) Authorised
Synthesis - Cysteine Vitamin B6 Vitamin B6 contributes to normal cysteine synthesis contribution to normal cysteine synthesis Art.13(1) Authorised
Teeth - Maintenance Magnesium Magnesium contributes to the maintenance of normal teeth maintenance of teeth Art.13(1) Authorised
Teeth - Mineralisation Sugar replacers, i.e. intense sweeteners;
xylitol, sorbitol, mannitol, maltitol, lactitol, isomalt, erythritol, sucralose and polydextrose; D-tagatose and isomaltulose
Consumption of foods/drinks containing instead of sugar* contributes to the maintenance of tooth mineralisation

* In the case of D-tagatose and isomaltulose this should read "other sugars"
maintenance of tooth mineralisation by decreasing tooth demineralisation Art.13(1) Authorised
Teeth - Mineralisation Fluoride Fluoride contributes to the maintenance of tooth mineralisation maintenance of tooth mineralisation Art.13(1) Authorised
Teeth - Mineralisation Sugar-free chewing gum Sugar-free chewing gum contributes to the maintenance of tooth mineralization maintenance of tooth mineralisation Art.13(1) Authorised
Teeth - Plaque Acid Sugar-free chewing gum Sugar-free chewing gum contributes to the neutralisation of plaque acids plaque acid neutralisation Art.13(1) Authorised
Teeth - Plaque Acid Sugar-free chewing gum with carbamide Sugar-free chewing gum with carbamide neutralises plaque acids more effectively than sugar-free chewing gums without carbamide plaque acid neutralisation Art.13(1) Authorised
Thermoregulation Water Water contributes to the maintenance of normal regulation of the body's temperature maintenance of normal thermoregulation Art.13(1) Authorised
Thyroid Iodine Iodine contributes to the normal production of thyroid hormones and normal thyroid function contribution to normal thyroid function and production of thyroid hormones Art.13(1) Authorised
Thyroid Selenium Selenium contributes to the normal thyroid function thyroid function Art.13(1) Authorised
Tiredness & Fatigue Reduction Folate Folate contributes to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue reduction of tiredness and fatigue Art.13(1) Authorised
Tiredness & Fatigue Reduction Iron Iron contributes to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue reduction of tiredness and fatigue Art.13(1) Authorised
Tiredness & Fatigue Reduction Magnesium Magnesium contributes to a reduction of tiredness and fatigue Reduction of tiredness and fatigue Art.13(1) Authorised
Tiredness & Fatigue Reduction Niacin Niacin contributes to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue reduction of tiredness and fatigue Art.13(1) Authorised
Tiredness & Fatigue Reduction Pantothenic acid Pantothenic acid contributes to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue reduction of tiredness and fatigue Art.13(1) Authorised
Tiredness & Fatigue Reduction Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) Riboflavin contributes to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue reduction of tiredness and fatigue Art.13(1) Authorised
Tiredness & Fatigue Reduction Vitamin B12 Vitamin B12 contributes to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue reduction of tiredness and fatigue Art.13(1) Authorised
Tiredness & Fatigue Reduction Vitamin B6 Vitamin B6 contributes to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue reduction of tiredness and fatigue Art.13(1) Authorised
Tiredness & Fatigue Reduction Vitamin C Vitamin C contributes to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue reduction of tiredness and fatigue Art.13(1) Authorised
Vasodilation Walnuts Walnuts contribute to the improvement of the elasticity of blood vessels Improvement of endothelium-dependent vasodilation Art.13(1) Authorised
Weight Loss Glucomannan (konjac mannan) Glucomannan in the context of an energy restricted diet contributes to weight loss reduction of body weight Art.13(1) Authorised
Weight Loss Meal replacement for weight control Substituting one daily meal of an energy restricted diet with a meal replacement contributes to the maintenance of weight after weight loss Maintenance of body weight after weight loss Art.13(1) Authorised
Weight Loss Meal replacement for weight control Substituting two daily meals of an energy restricted diet with meal replacements contributes to weight loss Reduction in body weight Art.13(1) Authorised

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